Unless we have external evidence of a biblical event, it is very difficult to know what is truly “historical” and what is not. Of course, this does not mean the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament should be left aside when writing a history of Iron Age Palestine; it means, instead, that the biblical narrative is not the first or main source for commencing the production of a critical historical reconstruction.
Chapter from: Finding Myth and History in the Bible: Scholarship, Scholars and Errors (Equinox Publishing March 25, 2016).
By Emanuel Pfoh
University of Buenos Aires