Article from “Did I Not Bring Israel Out of Egypt?” (Eisenbrauns, 2016).
By Benjamin J. Noonan
Columbia International University
Click here for article.
A nicely ingenious traditionalist thesis, but it still has an uphill fight against the historical and archaeological data. As has been pointed out by numerous scholars, the date commonly assigned to the Exodus places it in the later New Kingdom period, when Egypt enjoyed what was probably its greatest power and influence. During this period, virtually the whole of Canaan and the Levant was subject to Egyptian control, including garrisons of Egyptian soldiers across the region. As Israel Finkelstein, inter alia, has noted, the presence of these garrisons and fortresses would militate against a mass movement of escaped slaves from Egypt to Canaan through Gaza. It also means there is no need to hypothesize a massive Israelite presence in Egypt to explain the exchange of loanwords, particularly when there was regular migration (and presumably cultural exchange) by Canaanite groups into and out of Egypt for centuries before and after the putative period of the Exodus.
#1 - M. Buettner - 06/09/2016 - 21:07
I do not find M. Buettner's comments at all compelling. Nobody still believes that their were massive numbers of Israelites or Canaanites in Egypt who were able to return to Canaan. The number cited in Exodus was obviously a huge numerical exaggeration and exaggeration was always common in all Societies in Historical matters.
#2 - Fred Schroeder - 06/11/2016 - 20:45
Buettner dictates, "As Israel Finkelstein, inter alia, has noted, the presence of these garrisons and fortresses would militate against a mass movement of escaped slaves from Egypt to Canaan through Gaza." That reads like good evidence for the espoused transit route explained by Exodus--as far way from Gaza as possible!
#3 - John Casterns - 01/04/2018 - 22:41