The Mt. Ebal Tablet: The First Ancient Postmodern Inscription?


This is not the decipherment of an ancient text written by a scribe, but the creation of a new, artificial text by Galil. It is a purely academic (though very imaginative) exercise. Galil and his coauthors believe in this experiment: they spent much time and resources, and the results confirm their underlying ideological convictions. But this does not change the conclusion that this experiment has no historical value for the ancient world.


By Raz Kletter
University of Helsinki
Faculty of Theology
Docent for Near Eastern Archaeology
February 2024

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For a more detailed discussion, see R. Kletter, “Galil and Goliath: A Land of Archaeological Sin?” SSRN: Social Science Research Network. 30 November 23.

Article Comments

Submitted by Michael Banyai on Fri, 02/09/2024 - 03:36


I partially agree with your sight, and I stated, I would have discouraged any attempt to read something on the lead stripe. Otherwise, as a matter of fact, without dealing with the text proper, but with the fact of a lead strip and its finding context, one must point at a widespread ancient tradition of lead curse spells, both Greek and Jewish, going back to an original Late Bronze Age Luvian tradition of summoning the dark ones, the mariwda, marwaizzi, whence also Mycenean Linear B: mo-ri-wo-do 'lead (metal)' Greek /moliwdos/ 'lead.' Melchert (Greek Molybdos as a Loan Word from Lydian). The marwaizzi are the punishing deities conjured in manthic rituals. Therefore, the identification of the lead strip as a curse is most natural. I wouldn´t like to make myself to a laughing stock assuming this to be a fishhing weight lost on the arid summit of Mount Ebal. The reading is, however, unverifiable.

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