Can the Shechem–Shiloh polity of the Iron I be identified as the earliest Israel? In other words: When was the territorial-name Shechem, designating a city-state, replaced by the name Israel for a polity in approximately the same territory?
Chapter from: Azzoni, Annalisa, Alexandra Kleinerman, Douglas A. Knight, David I. Owen, and Jack M. Sasson. 2020. From Mari to Jerusalem and back: Assyriological and Biblical studies in honor of Jack Murad Sasson. University Park, Pennsylvania: Eisenbrauns, 2020. (Discount code NR20 for 30% off).
By Israel Finkelstein
Institute of Archaeology
Tel Aviv University
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